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Commander / Tiny Leaders / Pauper



100 Card Commander is a specialty format in which every card is effectively restricted; with the exception of basic land cards, a player’s deck may not contain more than one of any individual card.

Players’ decks must contain exactly 100 cards in the main deck, and an optional sideboard must contain up to 15 cards.

Players must choose a legendary creature as the "Commander" for their deck.

A card's color identity is its color plus the color of any mana symbols in the card's rules text.

A card's color identity is established before the game begins, and cannot be changed by game effects.

The Commander's color identity restricts what cards may appear in the deck.

A deck may not generate mana outside its colors.

If an effect would generate mana of an illegal color, it generates colorless mana instead.

A Commander deck must contain exactly 100 cards, including the Commander.

With the exception of basic lands, no two cards in the deck may have the same English name.

Commander is played with vintage legal cards, with some exceptions: cards are legal as of their set's prerelease

The following legends may not be used as a Commander:

Braids, Cabal Minion

Rofellos, Llanowar Emissary

Erayo, Soratami Ascendant

Kokusho, the Evening Star


The following cards are banned from the format:


25 cards with the Card Type “Conspiracy.”

9 cards that reference "playing for ante."

Ancestral Recall



Black Lotus

Braids, Cabal Minion

Chaos Orb

Coalition Victory


Emrakul, the Aeons Torn

Erayo, Soratami Ascendant

Falling Star


Gifts Ungiven



Leovold, Emissary of Trest

Library of Alexandria

Limited Resources

Mox Emerald

Mox Jet

Mox Pearl

Mox Ruby

Mox Sapphire

Painter's Servant

Panoptic Mirror

Primeval Titan

Prophet of Kruphix

Recurring Nightmare

Rofellos, Llanowar Emissary


Sundering Titan

Sway of the Stars

Sylvan Primordial

Time Vault

Time Walk


Tolarian Academy

Trade Secrets



Yawgmoth's Bargain


Tiny Leaders

Tiny Leaders is a smaller version of Comander with 50 cards instead of 100

All cards must have a converted mana cost of 3 or less.

Each player chooses a legendary creature (or suitable Planeswalker) which is called their Commander or General. Decks may use other legendary creatures as well.

No cards in the deck of any player may have a color identity that is not a subset of the color identity of his or her general. The color identity of a card is composed of every colored mana symbol that appears on that card — whether in the mana cost or the rules text.

Except for basic lands, player may not use more than one copy of any card.

Each deck must contain exactly 50 cards including the General.

Players start with 25 life.

There is no Commander damage win condition.

The following cards are banned in Tiny Leaders

All Ante and Manual Dexterity cards

Ancestral Recall


Black Lotus

Black Vise



Demonic Tutor


Edric, Spymaster of Trest


Goblin Recruiter


Hermit Druid

High Tide

Imperial Seal

Library of Alexandria


Mana Crypt

Mana Drain

Mana Vault


Mind Twist

Mishra's Workshop

Mox Emerald

Mox Jet

Mox Pearl

Mox Ruby

Mox Sapphire




Sol Ring

Strip Mine

Survival of the Fittest

Sword of Body and Mind

The Tabernacle at Pendrell Vale

Time Vault

Time Walk


Tolarian Academy

Umezawa's Jitte

Vampiric Tutor

Wheel of Fortune

Yawgmoth's Will


Additionally, these Legendary creatures cannot be used as Commanders:

Erayo, Soratami Ascendant

Rofellos, Llanowar Emissary

Derevi, Empyrial Tactician



The definition of Pauper legality is expanding to include any card with a common printing in any paper or digital set. If the card is listed as a common on Gatherer from any set, it is legal in Pauper. This will add cards to the format that were not previously legal on Magic Online.

If a common version of a particular card was ever released on Magic Online, any version of that card is legal in this format.

Example: Counterspell was a common card in Seventh Edition Core Set online. Counterspell was reprinted in Masters Edition II with an uncommon expansion symbol. Both versions of the card can now be used in pauper.

Other than that, the usual rules for constructed decks apply:

Minimum of 60 cards in the main deck

(There is no maximum size for main decks)

Up to 15 cards in your sideboard, if used

No more than 4 of any individual card in the main deck and sideboard combined (with the exception of basic lands)

The following cards are banned in this format:

Cloud of Faeries


Cranial Plating

Empty the Warrens

Frantic Search

High Tide

Hym to Tourach



Peregrine Drake


Temporal Fissure

Treasure Cruise


For a complete list of Magic Online sets and rarities: